Influence of Planning on Integration of Information Communication Technology in Instructional Process in Public Secondary Schools in Nandi-East Sub-County, Kenya

  • Moses K. Sang School of Education, Mount Kenya University, Kenya
  • Paul Edabu Faculty of Education, Muni University, P.O. Box 725, Arua, Uganda
Keywords: Management Practices, Planning and Information Communication Technology


The objective of the study was to determine the influence of planning practice on integration of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the instructional process in Public secondary schools in Nandi-East Sub-County, Kenya.participants included 5 principals, 25 Head of department and 57 head of subjectswho were purposely sampled. Data collection methods included administering questionnaires and scheduling interviews. In this study, a mixed research approach was utilized, and descriptive statistics was analyzed through the use of frequency distribution tables as well as percentages. The analysis of qualitative data was carried out using thematic analysis through the examination of content, which included the identification of recurring themes. The study findings revealed that planning as a management practice do exist at 74.6% of the sampled schools, however, implementation of the plans into integrating ICT services in delivery of content was still low. In conclusion, most schools had planning and organization practices in place but implementation was still low. The study recommends that for successful utilization and implementation of ICT by teachers, top management must put in place all the functions of management (Planning, organizing, directing and controlling) as advanced by Henri Fayol, specifically directing and controlling functions of management must be mainstreamed.


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How to Cite
Sang, M., & Edabu, P. (2023, April 7). Influence of Planning on Integration of Information Communication Technology in Instructional Process in Public Secondary Schools in Nandi-East Sub-County, Kenya. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 7(3), Pg 489-495.