Assessment of Family Alcohol Use on Alcohol-Use Disorder Among Recovering Clients in Rehabilitation Centers Nairobi, Kenya
Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a burden to individuals, families, and the society. In most societies, the first socialization is mainly the family; particularly parents. This study assessed the Assessment of Family Alcohol Use on Alcohol-Use Disorder Among Recovering Clients in Rehabilitation Centers Nairobi, Kenya. The study was guided by the Family System Theory and Social Learning Theory. Ex post facto research design guided the study with a target population of 187 recovering clients composed of 161 males and 26 females. Following Krejcie and Morgan's (1970) table of sample size determination, the sample size was 152 males and 26 females. The representative sample was attained by using stratified sampling and simple random sampling methods. Expert judgment and pilot study was conducted in Kiambu County in National Campaign against Drug Abuse (NACADA) accredited rehabilitation centres to determine the validity of the data collection tools while the Split-half method was used to determine the reliability of the research instruments. A reliability level of 0.7 was accepted for the study. The researcher collected both quantitative and qualitative data. Qualitative data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 for windows while quantitative data was anlysed using the content analysis. This chi results showed that there was no statistically significant relationship between Fathers’ alcohol use χ2 (16) = .460, p =. 977), mother’s alcohol use χ2 (16) = 6.993, p =.136), older brothers’ alcohol use χ2(16) = .920, p =.922), older sisters’ alcohol use χ2 (16) = 3.321 p =.506) and alcohol use disorder among recovering clients in selected rehabilitation centers in Nairobi County. This meant that family alcohol use had no major effect on alcohol use of the participants nor the development of alcohol use disorder. Following the finding of this study, the researcher recommended more studies on personal factors and alcohol use disorder, studies to establish the effect of alcohol predisposition on development of alcohol use disorder and to establish the protective factors against alcohol use disorder.
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