Agricultural Productivity and Labour Allocation Trade-Off Crises for Agriculture, Cooking Energy Sourcing and Off-Farm Employment in Developing Countries: Evidence from Western Kenya
Understanding smallholder resource allocation and trade-off in socially and ecologically dynamic agricultural production dispensation is critical for effective rural developmental interventions. Data derived from a survey of 380 smallholders in western Kenya was used to assess labour availability and to evaluate agricultural productivity in labour allocation trade-off between biomass cooking energy sourcing, agriculture, and off-farm employment. Heterogeneity in labour allocation among members and sub-counties were observed. On average leisure accounted for 80 percent of total household time, A three-stage regression showed that maize yield was significantly (p<0.05) influenced by the farmers’ age, environmental factors, and the number of trees planted. A recommendation for improvement of rural enterprise profitability to enhance efficiency in labour allocation is provided.
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