Influence of Formal Rider Training and Safety Knowledge on Motorbike Safety of Motorcyclists on Eldoret Town

  • Kipkorir Kemei School of Social Sciences, Mount Kenya University, P.o Box 342-01000 Thika
  • William Sakataka School of Social Sciences, Mount Kenya University, P.o Box 342-01000 Thika
  • Ibrahim Nyaboga School of Business and Economics, Mount Kenya University, P.o Box 342-01000 Thika
Keywords: Rider, Formal Rider Training, Safety Knowledge, Motorbike Safety


Accidents on the road continue to be a public safety issue, predominantly in impoverished and emerging countries. Highway traffic safety is a concern in Kenya and around the world. The advent of the motorbike as a mode of transportation in Kenya has added a novel dimension to road safety that is currently lacking in regulation. Motorbike incidents have aroused eyebrows; however, a small number of developmental studies have been carried out in Kenya to pinpoint the issue of safety. Accidents tend to limit the economic contributions of people in the community, resulting in societal dysfunction. The poll was carried out in Eldoret town and analyzed the Socio-economic aspects of riders on motorbike transportation safety. The survey gathered data on demographic characteristics of riders, levels of official training and safety knowledge among riders influences on motorbike transportation safety. The target population was 10,000. The sample was 370 subjects drawn from Krejcie and Morgan Table. The poll used descriptive survey design, Stratified Sampling methodology with simple random sampling methods to ascertain 370 respondents. Interview schedule was used for the survey. SPSS ver23 and MS Excel were used for organization, summarization, management, and analysis of data. Chi-square and Binary logistic regression were used to check Hypotheses and associations. The Findings revealed that the majority of motorbike riders (85.1%) were youths, (81.6%) had primary education, and 81.9% were married, more than two-thirds of Motorbike riders (82.4%) had not officially trained to ride and did not have a rider's license. The majority of respondents (69.5%) had been working as riders for between four to five years while others prior to becoming motorbike riders, (44.6 %) were unemployed, with (41.1%) worked as casual laborers. 64.9% owned the motorbikes they operated, 67.3% of the motorbikes had no insurance. Binary logistic regression and Chi-Square check disclosed substantial significance respectively amid official training and ownership and accident contribution The findings, recommended the following; there might be need to set a minimum age and level of schooling for riders, bestow color distinct from private motorbikes and that relevant stakeholders must ensure that motorbike have insurance cover, pillion sitting with legs on both sides should not be a gender, culture or religious issue but a safety aspect. Besides it, traffic police should oversee that Traffic Act is not compromised.


Adamba, W. (2019). Accident Predisposing Factors on Operational Performance of Boda Boda Projects-a Case of Lurambi Subcouty, Kakamega County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation).

Al-Madani, H. M. (2018). Global road fatality trends’ estimations based on country-wise micro level data. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 111, 297-310

Ateya, S. N. (2019). Injury characteristics and Sub-Acute phase disabilities amongst hospitalized and non-hospitalized road traffic injured patients managed at Webuye County Hospital, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation, Moi University).

Bekele, T. G., & Sima, T. H. (2019). Road traffic accident cause and effect on socio economy of Addis Ababa city. Economics And Social Sciences Academic Journal, 1(4), 21-37.

Berrick, J., & Gkritza, K. (2021). Adolescent noncompliance with age-specific versus universal US motorbike helmet laws: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of safety research.

Bonnassieux, A., & Belland, M. (2021). Risks, hierarchies and strategies of metered taxi drivers in Abidjan. Developing Worlds, (2), 81-100.

Ehebrecht, D. (2020). Motorbike-taxis in East African cities: Growth dynamics, regulation, challenges and potentials. In Transport Planning and Mobility in Urban East Africa (pp. 136-160.

Ezeibe, C., Ilo, C., Oguonu, C., Ali, A., Abada, I., Ezeibe, E., ... & Agbo, H. (2019). The impact of traffic sign deficit on road traffic accidents in Nigeria. International journal of injury control and safety promotion, 26(1), 3-11.

Factor, R. (2018). An empirical analysis of the characteristics of drivers who are ticketed for traffic offences. Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, 53, 1-13.

Gathecha, G. K., Ngaruiya, C., Mwai, W., Kendagor, A., Owondo, S., Nyanjau, L., ... & Kibachio, J. (2018). Prevalence and predictors of injuries in Kenya: findings from the national STEPs survey. BMC public health, 18(3), 1-9.

Ishola, J. A. (2020). Use Of Motor Cycle: A Sustainable Transportation System In Ilorin Metropolis, Kwara State, Nigeria. IJSSHR-International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 3(11), 01-20.

Islam, M. A., & Dinar, Y. (2021). Evaluation and spatial analysis of road accidents in Bangladesh: an emerging and alarming issue. Transportation in developing economies, 7(1), 1-14.

Kohli, H. S., Linn, J. F., & Zucker, L. M. (Eds.). (2019). China’s Belt and Road Initiative: Potential Transformation of Central Asia and the South Caucasus. Sage Publications Pvt. Limited.

Kothari, C.R, and Gaurav,G.(2013).Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques 3rded.NewDelhi.New Age International Ltd Publishers.

Luambano, H. D. (2020). Operating practice of commercial motorbike taxis in Dar Es Salaam City: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences, 7(2), 113-135.

Muthama, J (2021, September 28). Road crashes kills more than the pandemic. Daily Nation, p.17.

Nimako Aidoo, E., Bawa, S., & Amoako-Yirenkyi, C. (2018). Prevalence rate of helmet use among motorbike riders in Kumasi, Ghana. Traffic injury prevention, 19(8), 856-859

Nyaga, J. K. J. (2019). The Influence of Motorbikes/Boda Boda on Community Development in Rural Kenya: a study of the Challenges Facing Motor Cycle Operators in Meru South Sub-County. Journal of Education and Human Development, 8(1), 86-92.

Okebiro, G. N. (2019). boda boda motorbike transport influence on socioeconomic empowerment of youths and their households in Turkana County, Kenya.

Olajide, O. A., Agunbiade, M. E., & Bishi, H. B. (2018). The realities of Lagos urban development vision on livelihoods of the urban poor. Journal of urban management, 7(1), 21-31.

Olal, F. O., & Nyamolo, M. (2016). Assessment of the Impact of Anthropogenic Activities on the Drinking Water Qualities of Boreholes/Shallows Well Water in Huruma Estate-Eldoret, Kenya.

Olawole, M. O. (2021). An empirical study of commuters’ satisfactions with taxi service quality in Abeokuta, Nigeria. Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 11, 100434

Olvera, L. D., Plat, D., & Pochet, P. (2020). Looking for the obvious: Motorbike taxi services in Sub-Saharan African cities. Journal of Transport Geography, 88, 102476.

Owuor, E. A. (2019). the contribution of motorbike business to the wellbeing of operators in Kisumu County, Kenya.

Pinchumpholsang, W. (2020). Study to Driving Behavior of Motorbike Safety in the City of Ratchaburi Province, Thailand. RMUTT Global Business Accounting and Finance Review, 4(1).

Ragab, M. A., & Arisha, A. (2018). Research methodology in business: A starter’s guide. Management and Organizational Studies, 5(1), 1-14.

Sambo, A. M., & Mshelia, A. G. (2019). Magnitude, vicissitudes and remedies of urban poverty in north-east Nigeria. asian journal for poverty studies (ajps), 5(1), 15-24.

Tirachini, A., & Cats, O. (2020). COVID-19 and public transportation: Current assessment, prospects, and research needs. Journal of Public Transportation, 22(1),

World Bank. (2018). World development report 2019: The changing nature of work.

World Health Organization. (2018). Global status report on road safety 2018: summary (No. WHO/NMH/NVI/18.20).

Zuma, B. M., Yonge, S. A., Msanzu, J. B., & Yussuf, R. U. (2021). Determinants of Accident Occurrence among Commercial Motor Cycle Riders in Kaloleni Sub-County, Kilifi County, Kenya. Multidisciplinary Journal of Technical University of Mombasa, 1(2), 36-47.
How to Cite
Kemei, K., Sakataka, W., & Nyaboga, I. (2022, June 28). Influence of Formal Rider Training and Safety Knowledge on Motorbike Safety of Motorcyclists on Eldoret Town. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 7(1), Pg 374-386.