Influence of Crop Stovers Preparation Strategy on Availability of Feeds Among Smallholder Dairy Cattle Farmers in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya

  • Patrick O. Okongo Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Egerton University
  • James Obara Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Egerton University
  • Miriam Kyule Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Egerton University
Keywords: Crop stovers, dairy cattle, feeds, smallholder farmers


With the increasing scarcity of dairy cattle feeds farmers are turning to crop stovers in order to compliment the feed available for dairy cattle. Crop Stovers preparation involves making the crop stovers ready for use as dairy cattle feed. This involved cutting the stovers for feeding dairy cattle, crushing the stovers and mixing with urea for feeding dairy cattle.  Therefore, this study examined the influence of crop stovers preparation strategy to overcome non availability of feeds among smallholder dairy cattle farmers in Cherangany, Kwanza and Kiminini Sub counties of Trans-Nzoia County. A multi stage proportionate stratified random sampling was used to select 121 smallholder dairy cattle farmers. Data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using percentages, mean standard deviation and regression analysis. The crop stovers preparation strategies considered were whole stovers, crushed stovers crushed and mixed with urea and molasses and crushed stovers mixed with urea only.  From the study it came out that during the rainy season 3.5 % of the crop stovers were either crushed, crushed and mixed with urea and molasses or crushed and mixed with urea only and 96.5% were not processed for feeding dairy cattle. However, during the dry season 53.4% of crop stovers were processed, while 46.6 were used as dairy cattle feeds without any processing. The results also showed that during the dry season farmers prepared large quantities from maize stovers. At the same time, it also came out that farmers prepare less crop stovers during the rainy season and more during the dry season. The study also revealed that there were 65.3 % men and 34.7 % women who were engaged in smallholder dairy farming. Lastly, the study established that crop stovers preparation strategy does not influence availability of feeds


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How to Cite
Okongo, P., Obara, J., & Kyule, M. (2022, June 15). Influence of Crop Stovers Preparation Strategy on Availability of Feeds Among Smallholder Dairy Cattle Farmers in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 7(1), Pg 10-17. Retrieved from