Impact of Aphasia on Grammatical Pragmatic Communication Competence of Aphasics at Moi Teaching and Referral Facility in Eldoret, Kenya
Aphasia encompasses myriads of syndromes of language deficits. Aphasics have difficulties in communicating due to profoundly brain centre damage. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the relationship between Aphasia and Grammatical Pragmatic Communication Competence of the aphasics at Moi Teaching and Referral facility in Eldoret, Kenya. The research objectives for the study were; to assess the impact of Aphasia on lexical pragmatic competence of aphasics at Moi Teaching and Referral facility in Eldoret. The survey adopted Krashen’s monitor model and Communication Accommodation Theory. The study adopted a case study research design upon which the target population was 116 derived from Moi Teaching and Referral facility. The sample size of the study was 36 respondents selected using a sample size of 30%. The study used non probability sampling techniques (purposive and convenient sampling methods) were incorporated in selecting the 116 respondents. The survey also employed qualitative and quantitative mixed methodology approaches. The main research instruments for the study were interview schedule, discourse completion tasks (DCT), and questionnaire. Qualitative and Quantitative data were manipulated using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid SPSS version 20. The study considered the findings and recommendations as per the objectives. The study findings indicated that there was a statistically significant positive effect of grammatical pragmatic competence on pragmatic communication competence of the aphasics at Moi Teaching and Referral Facility (r=0.602; p<0.05). The study concluded that the aphasics are unable to observe phonological rules for instance impaired repetition. Meaning, people with non-fluent aphasia would not so much have problems with selecting the right words, but in pronouncing them. The study recommended that the use of enactment in conversations with people with aphasia.
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