Production, Seed Management and Utilization of Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens L. Dc) in Western Kenya

  • Mamie Souadou DIOP Department of Seed Crop and Horticultural Sciences, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, P.O. BOX 30100-1125, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Julius O. Ochuodho Department of Seed Crop and Horticultural Sciences, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, P.O. BOX 30100-1125, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Faith N. Maina Department of Seed Crop and Horticultural Sciences, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, P.O. BOX 30100-1125, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Nicholas K. Rop Department of Seed Crop and Horticultural Sciences, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, P.O. BOX 30100-1125, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Ruth Njoroge Department of Soil Science, School of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Eldoret, P.O. BOX 30100-1125, Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: Agronomic practices, seed management, utilization, velvet bean

Abstract

Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean) is a high yielding leguminous crop, high in crude protein content, which is used as animal feed and to improve soil fertility.  Farmers are also increasingly interested in its nutritive capacities as food and animal feed. However, production of velvet bean faces many constraints such as unavailability of quality seed and lack of standardized agronomic practices, seed management and utilization strategies. The purpose of this research was to investigate the agronomic practices, seed management and utilization strategies of velvet bean production in Bungoma County, Kenya. A total of 56 farmers, divided in 10 groups were interviewed. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data while the Epi info 7 computer software program was used to analyze the data. Four types of velvet bean seeds were obtained from farmers during the survey.  Most farmers surveyed in June 2019, had a proportion of farm under velvet bean cultivation less than 0.5 acre, have been planting velvet bean seed in one year and did not deploy seed selection criteria in the field. The reasons cited for crop popularity include: soil fertility, nutrition, drought tolerance, pest and disease tolerance, food security and medicinal. Most farmers did not intercrop velvet bean with other crops. However, 30% of the farmers intercropped velvet bean with maize, 2% intercropped with groundnut and rotated with common bean. Seed quality assurance activities carried out in the field by farmers were weeding, removing diseased plants or off types and planting seed plants separately. All parts of velvet bean possess valuable properties. The methods of preparing velvet bean for cooking were soaking the seeds and removal of seed coat. The main cooking method cited was boiling the seeds. Forty eight percent of the farmers indicated that they sold seed to other farmers and 16% to Agriculture Office. This study therefore recommends that agronomic and seed management practices need to be standardized to improve seed quality at farm level hence increase the production of velvet bean.

 

References

Adong, A., Mwaura, F., & Okoboi, G. (2012). What factors determine membership to farmer groups in Uganda? Evidence from the Uganda Census of Agriculture 2008/9 (No. 677-2016-46623).

Agricultural Sector Development Support Programme (2014). Household baseline survey report. Volume 1. Bungoma – County.

Buckles, D., Triomphe, B., & Sain, G. (1998). Cover crops in hillside agriculture: farmer innovation with Mucuna. Idrc.
Chikagwa-Malunga, S. K. ; Adesogan, A. T. ; Sollenberger, L. E. ; Phatak, S. C. ; Szabo, N. J. ; Kima, S. C. ; Huisden, C. M. ; Litell, R. C. (2009). Nutritional characterization of Mucunapruriens. 4. Does replacing soybean meal with Mucunapruriens in lamb diets affect ruminal, blood and tissue l-dopa concentrations?. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 148: 124-137.

Cook B. G., Pengelly B. C., Brown S. D., Donnelly J. L., Eagles D. A. (2005) Tropical forages. CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia.

Coultas, C. L., Post T. J., Jones J. B., & Hsieh, Y. P. (1996). Use of velvet bean to improve soil fertility and weed control in corn production in northern belize. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 27(9-10), 2171–2196. doi:10.1080/00103629609369696.

Curtis, M., 2013. Powering up smallholder farmers to make food fairagenda.A five point agenda, London.

Dossa C. S., Mensah G. A., Dossa A.D., Adoun C. (1998). Influence of various physicochemical treatments of Mucunapruriens seeds on the nutrient chemical composition. Tropiculture. 16-17 (3) 141.

Eilittä, M. ; Carsky, R. J. (2003). Efforts to improve the potential of Mucuna as a food and feed crop: background to the workshop. Trop. Subtrop. Agroecosyst., 1: 47-55.
Food and Organization (2015) Grassland Index. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. FAO, Rome, Italy.

GOK. (2008a). Drought Monthly Bulletin for June: Office of the Prime Minister. Nairobi: Government Printer.

GOK. (2008b). A Globally Competitive and Prosperous Kenya: Ministry of State for Planning National Development and Vision 2030. Nairobi: Government Printer.

GOK. (2008c). Food Security and Nutrition Strategy: 2nd Draft. Nairobi: Government Printer.

Haque, M.S., Akter, R. &Laoubi, K. (2011). Effectiveness of community based organization ( CBO ) microcredit programme of concern worldwide : A case study of
Bangladesh. , 5(24), pp.10101–10107.

Hellin, J. (2006). Better land husbandry: from soil conservation to holistic land management. Land reconstruction and management. Science Publishers.

Icheria B. K. (2012). Household food insecurity and coping strategies among small scale farmers in Tharaka central division, Kenya. A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Science (community resource management and extension) in the school of applied human sciences of Kenyatta University.

Jonathan NH, Philip A, John LT, OtuoAkyampong B, Patrick A (2015) The Potential and Coupling Effect of Compost and Mucuna for Quarry Site Restoration: A Study at the Yongwa Limestone Quarry in Ghana. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences 3(2): 30-35.

Khan, Z. Pickett, J. Wadhams, L. Hassanali, A. Midega, C. (2006). Combined control of Strigahermonthica and stemborers by maize-Desmodiumspp intercrops, Elsevier. Kenya.

Laurena A. C., Rodriguez F. M., Sabino N. G., Zamora A. F., Mendoza E. M. T. (1991). Amino acid composition, relative nutritive value and in vitro protein digestibility of several Phillippine indigenous legumes. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 41: 59-68.

Ministry of Agriculture Annual report (2018). County Government of Bungoma, Kenya.

Mulvaney, R.L.; Khan, S.A. & Ellsworth T.R. (2009). Synthetic nitrogen fertilizers deplete soil nitrogen: a global dilemma for sustainable cereal production. Journal of Environmental Quality 38, 2295-314.

Muoni T., Koomson E., Oborn I., Marohn C., Watson C., Bergkvist G., Barnes A., Cadisch G., Duncan A. (2019) – Reducing soil erosion in smallholder farming systems in east Africa through the introduction of different crop types. Experimental Agriculture.

Pugalenthi, M. ; Vadivel, V. ; Siddhuraju, P.(2005). Alternative food/feed perspectives of an underutilized legume Mucunapruriens var. utilis — A review. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 60: 201–218. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1007/s11130-005-8620-4

Ralph, J., Helmut, S., Berthold, H., and Chris S. (2005). Farm Management Handbook of Kenya, Natural Conditions and Farm Management Information. 2nd Edition, Volume II, part a West Kenya.

Salamanca L. R. (2015). Sanitation is critical to prevent plant diseases Part 2: Field sanitation. https://www.canr.msu.edu/news.

Sathiyanarayanan L. andArulmozhi S. (2007). Mucunapruriens a comprehensive Review. Pharmacognosy Rev. 2007;1:157–162.

Shiferaw, B., Obare, G. &Muricho, G. (2006). Rural Institutions and Producer Organizations in Imperfect Markets: Experiences from Producer Marketing Groups in Semi-Arid Eastern Kenya. SAT eJournal, 2(1).

Sikwela, M.M. &Mushunje, A. (2013). The impact of farmer support programmes on household income and sustainability in smallholder production: A case study of the

Eastern Cape and KwaZulu Natal farmers, South Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(21), pp.2502–2511.

Soares A. R., Marchiosi R., Siqueira-Soares R. D. C., Lima R. B. D., Wa Santos W.D. D.,& Ferrarese-Filho O. (2014).The role of L-DOPA in plants, Plant Signaling & Behavior, 9:4, e28275, DOI: 10.4161/psb.28275.

Tallam S. J. (2015). The process of farmer group development and its influence on the effectiveness of collective action: the case of Bungoma County (Kenya) and Kapchorwa district (Uganda). A research project submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Arts in Sociology at the University of Nairobi.

Wabwoba M. S. and Mutoro K. (2019). Promoting Mucuna Beans Production for Soil Rehabilitation, Incomes, Food and Nutrition Security in Kenya. Glob J Nutri Food Sci. 2(4). GJNFS.MS.ID.000543.

Wulijarni-Soetjipto, N.; Maligalig, R. F. (1997). Mucunapruriens (L.) DC. cv. group Utilis. Record from Proseabase. FaridahHanum, I; van der Maesen, L.J.G. (Editors). PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.

Yates, S.R.; McConnell, L.L.; Hapeman, C.J.; Papiernik, S.K.; Gao, S. &Trabue, S.L. (2011). Managing agricultural emissions to the atmosphere: state of the science, fate and mitigation, and identifying research gaps. Journal of Environmental Quality 40, 1347- 1358.

Yokotani K.T., Hashimoto H., Fujii Y., Nakamura T., Yamashita M. (2004). Distribution of L-DOPA in the root of velvet bean plant (Mucuna pruriens L.) and gravity. Biol Sci Space., (3):165-6.
Published
2021-05-08
How to Cite
DIOP, M. S., Ochuodho, J., Maina, F., Rop, N., & Njoroge, R. (2021, May 8). Production, Seed Management and Utilization of Velvet Bean (Mucuna pruriens L. Dc) in Western Kenya. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 6(3), Pg 28-44. Retrieved from http://ajest.info/index.php/ajest/article/view/533
Section
Articles