Effects of Perceived Stigma on Psychological Wellness and Interpersonal Relationships among Adolescents Living with HIV/AIDS in Ruiru, Kiambu County, Kenya
Approximately 2.1 million adolescents in the world are HIV positive with 15% of the HIV-infected females are considered to be young women aged 15 to 24 years. Eighty per cent of them live in sub-Saharan Africa which makes the most predominant place for female between 15 to 19 (UNAIDS, 2014). The UNAIDS Gap Report states that there is a gap in the provision of psychological services addressing stigma among other reproductive health needs among adolescent girls as they prepare for adulthood (UNAIDS, 2014). The study sought to determine the effects of Perceived Stigma towards HIV/AIDS on psychological wellness among adolescents living with HIV/AIDS in Ruiru Sub-County, Kiambu County, Kenya. The study used a quantitative research design using the survey method of data collection. Three questionnaires were adopted to assess the three variables. Study participants were recruited from among adolescents in long-term follow-up in the five HIV Comprehensive Care Centres in Ruiru Sub-County, Kiambu County, Kenya. Purposive sampling was used to select a sample of 75 adolescents between 12-19 years. Regression analysis results revealed perceived stigma to be a significant predictor of psychological wellness, t = -3.293, p = 0.020.
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