Challenges Facing Technical Training Institutes in Kenya: A Case of Nyeri, County
Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) was deemed as a key ingredient for Kenyans Economic development by offering mid-level technical managers for industrial transformation. The purpose of this study was to assess the challenges facing Technical Training Institutions in Nyeri County, Kenya. The Context, Input, Process and Product (CIPP) Theory formed the major theoretical framer for this study. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The study targeted 330 respondents among them Heads of Applied Sciences Department, Field Intern Supervisors and 275 interns from TVET institutions in the County. The study employed a questionnaire and interview guide as data collection instruments. The questionnaire and the interview guide were piloted to test for reliability and validity. Data analysis employed both quantitative and qualitative procedures using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 19 computer programme. Qualitative data was categorised into themes, coded and entered into the computer for analysis. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics (Chi-Test). The study showed that majority of the Head of Departments (HoDs) and TVET interns noted that TVET training was regarded as low-class education by the public. The study found that the respondents agreed that the technical institutions have well organized programmes for learners. The study also concluded that the technical institutes were poorly equipped for the market demand and often resulted in training with obsolete equipment. The Ministry of Industrialization together with the Ministry of Education should allocate more funding to technical institutions since they prepare middle level employees who are the key pillars of Kenyan’s achievement of the Vision 2030.
Carnoy, M. (1994). Efficiency and equity in vocational education and training policies. International Labour Reveiw, 33, (2),1-10
Castellano, M., Stringfield, S., & Stone, J. R. (2003). Secondary career and technicaleducation and comprehensive school reform: Implications for research and practice. Review of Educational Research, 73(2), 231-272.
Dasmani, A. (2011). Challenges facing Technical Institute Graduates in Practical Skills Acquisition in the Upper East Region of Ghana. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 12(2); 67-77
Herbling, D. (2012). Middle level colleges set for fresh audit. Nairobi: Daily Nation.
Islam, R., & Mia, A. (2007). The role of education for rural population transformation in Bangladesh. Asia-Pacific Journal of Cooperative Education, 8(1), 1-21
Kamau, S. M. (2013). Challenges Affecting the Technical and Vocational Education Training Youth Polytechnics in Kiambu County. International Journal of Social Sciences and Entrepreneurship, 1 (5), 679-687
King K & McGrath S (2004). Knowledge for development. London: Zed.
Lauglo, J. (2005). Research for TVET Policy Development. International Center for Technical and Vocational education training: Magdeburg
Mugenda, O. M. & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research methods: Quantitative and qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies.
Nyankov, A. (1996). Current Issues and Trends in Technical and Vocational Education. Paris, France: UNEVOC-International Project on Technical and Vocational Education
Okello, B. (2011). The Factors Influencing the Negative Attitude Towards Technical Vocational Education and Training in the Post-Colonial Uganda. Unpublished Doctorate Thesis. Kenyatta University.
Okolocha, C. C. (2012). Vocational Technical Education in Nigeria: Challenges and the Way Forward. Business Management Dynamics, 2(6), Organization for Economic & Co-operation Development [OECD]. (2006). Policy framework for investment. A review of good practices.
Rao.T. (1996). Human Resource Development, Experiences, Interventions and Strategies. New Delhi: Sage Publications
Salman, M. F (2009). Acrtive learning techniques in a Mathematics workshop; Nigerian Primary School teacher assessment. International Journal of Mathematics Education, 4 (1), 23-32
Simiyu, J. W. (2009). Factors influencing the attractiveness of a Technical and Vocational Education and Training Institution: A case study of a Technical Institute in Kenya. Nairobi: Moi University
UNESCO (2006). Guidebook for Planning Education in Emergencies and Reconstruction (UNESCO/IIEP, 2006).
Ziderman, A. (2016). Funding Mechanisms for Financing Vocational Training: An Analytical Framework. Institute for the Study of Labor, GEneva. ILO