Challenges facing Academic Libraries in Supporting Webometrics Ranking of Universities in Kenya
Webometrics refers to the study of the quantitative aspects of the creation and usage of information resources, structures and technologies on the web drawing on bibliometric and infometric approaches. Across the world, libraries are committed to providing equal and rightful access to information. Therefore, libraries play a major role in influencing Webometrics ranking of universities across the world. Academic libraries influence Webometrics ranking through generation of scientific publications and other scholarly resources. Despite the remarkable success in Academic libraries’ influence on Webometrics ranking, there are a number of setbacks facing these libraries in the effective facilitation of Webometrics ranking. This study examined the challenges facing academic libraries in supporting Webometrics ranking of universities in Kenya. The study adopted a mixed research design. The researcher collected data from a representative sample of 30 % of the entire target population in University of Nairobi, Chuka University and Kirinyaga University. The selection of the three universities was based on the most recent Webometrics rankings. The respondents were drawn from library, ICT and research Departments. Primary data was collected through semi-structured questionnaires and interviews. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics that is frequency distribution tables to compute mean. The study established that Bureaucratic and connectivity barriers as well as substandard research and inadequate knowledge on Webometrics are the key challenges facing Kenyan academic libraries in supporting improved webometrics ranking. The findings of this study may be used by other institutions of higher learning on the mechanisms they can adopt to increase the capacities of their academic libraries so as to improve the contribution of these libraries to Webometrics and consequently to the overall ranking of the individual universities nationally and internationally. The findings may also help policy makers and policy implementers to effectively understand the challenges facing academic libraries in supporting Webometrics ranking of universities in Kenya and hence improve opportunities for upscaling Webometrics in academic institutions.
Adeyoyin, S.O. (2005). “Information and communication technology (ICT) literacy among the staff of Nigerian university libraries”. Library Review, 54(4), 257-266.
Adomi, S & Anie, M (2006). Computer literacy skills of professionals in Nigerian University libraries and webometric ranking. Information Research, 27(3).
Baldwin, L. (2012). Library and Webometrics in Developing Countries. Higher Education, 34 (25).
Hirsch, J. E. (2012). An index to quantify an individual's scientific research output. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 219 (58), 165-172.
Hertzel, D. (2012). “Bibliometrics History.” In: William Drake (ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, vol. 42. New York: Marcel Dekker
Larsson, K., & Hansson, H. (2013). Anti-plagiarism strategies: How to manage it with quality in large-scale thesis productions. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 9(2), 60 – 73. Retrived 8 March, 2016 from https://www.ojs.unisa.edu.au/index.php/IJEI/article/view/893
Mwanzu, A. & Malesi, R (2015) Assessment of the Impact of the USIU- Africa Digital Repository on Research Visibility and Webometric Ranking. East African Multidisciplinary Annual Research Conference (EAMARC), 1 – 17. Retrived 3 February, 2016 from http://erepo.usiu.ac.ke/11732/2031
Onyancha, O. B., & Ocholla, D. (2007). The performance of South African and Kenyan universities on the World Wide Web: A Web link analysis. International Journal of Scientometrics, Informetrics and Bibliometrics, 11(1), 1-13.
Owens, L. K. (2002). Introduction to survey research design. In SRL fall 2002 seminar series, pp. 78-105.
Rabai, T. (2013) African Public Library Systems: A Literature Survey. Oxford: Blackwell.
Rahman, E., Khatun, B. & Islam, O. (2008). Library Education Webometrics in Bangladesh. Information Metrics, 14 (26).
Ranking Web of Universities (2018). Retrieved 13 November, 2018 from, http://www.webometrics.info/en/africa/kenya%20
Siwakoti (2008) Evaluation of webometrics in the academic libraries activities in Nepal Information Dynamics 11, 57.
Thelwall, M., & Wouters, P., (2008). Information‐centered research for large‐scale analyses of new information sources. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 59(9), 1523-1527.
Trushina, H. (2010). Computer literacy skills of professionals in Nigerian University libraries and webometric ranking. Information Research, 31(5).
Silvani, A., Sirilli, G., & Tuzi, F. (2010). R&D evaluation in Italy: more needs to be done. Research Evaluation, 14(3), 207-215.
Stooke, R. K., & McKenzie, P. J. (2011). Under our own umbrella: Mobilizing research evidence for early literacy programs in public libraries. Progressive Librarian, 36/37, 15.
Sung, H. (2012). An Exploration of the Essential Elements of Community Engagement in Public Libraries. (Unpublished doctoral Thesis). Loughborough University, U.K. Retrived 17 July, 2016 from https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/dspace-jspui/bitstream/2134/9277/2/Thesis-2012-Sung.pdf