Influence of Land Use Regulatory Instruments on Household Disaster Risk Management in Eldoret Urban Area

  • Dedana O. Ong’anya Department of Disaster Management and Sustainable Development, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
  • Samuel S. China Department of Disaster Management and Sustainable Development, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
  • Jacobc Wakhungu Department of Veterinary Sciences and Technology, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology
Keywords: Land Use Regulatory Instruments, Household Disaster Risk Management, Eldoret Urban Area


Land use planning seeks to regulate land use in efficient manner, thus preventing escalation of hazards into disaster risks that would threaten lives of households in both rural and urban areas. Thus, it enables households in urban areas to access serviced land at affordable prices, access socio-economic services, infrastructure, transportation facilities and good environment. The demand for urban serviced land is often in the increase, and this has been enhanced by natural population growth and rural-urban migration. This study examined the influence of urban land use planning regulatory instruments on household disaster risk management in EUA. Descriptive Survey research designs were used. The classical spatial economic theory (making room model); stakeholders’ theory and disaster reduction theory (community-based model) were applied in this study. The study targeted the households in Eldoret Urban Area of (Langas, Kapsoya, Kamukunji and Kapsaos). Proportional stratified random sampling was applied for the purpose of quantitative data collection, while, purposive sampling was used for qualitative data. A total sample size of 550 respondents was sampled. Questionnaire was the main instruments to collect primary data, alongside key informant interviews (KIIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs). Finally; descriptive, inferential, regression and correlation statistics were applied in data analysis and interpretation. Results indicated that land use planning regulatory instruments have combined influence of 69.0% over disaster risk management. Test results on H01 showed that there was significantly positive relationship between urban land use planning and disaster risk management. The effect of Land use planning regulatory instrument on HDRM was significant positive (R= 0.878), the study revealed that Land use planning regulatory instrument accounted for 87.8% (R2 =.771) of HDRM. The findings are a pointer to the fact that land use planning and its three dimensions had significantly positive effects on household disaster risk management. From these results, it can be concluded that urban land use planning is a critical tool or technique in designing and developing urban areas where hazardous zones are mapped, demarcated and kept off from households’ socioeconomic activities. It was recommended that urban authorities must focus on urban land use planning to achieve sustainable development and growth.


Acemoglu D, Como G, Fagnani F, Ozdaglar A (2013) Opinion fluctuations and disagreement in social networks. Math Oper Res 38(1):1–27

ActionAid International. 2006. Disaster Risk Reduction: Implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA). Available at

African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC), (2014). Population and Health Dynamics in Nairobi’s Informal Settlements: Report of the Nairobi Cross-sectional Slums Survey. (NCSS) 2012. Nairobi: APHRC.

Albala-Bertrand JM (2013) Disasters and the networked economy. Routledge, New York

Anas A, Liu Y (2007) A regional economy, land use, and transportation model (RELU-TRAN). J Reg Sci 47(3):415–455

Barro RJ (2013) Environmental protection, rare disasters, and discount rates. NBER Working Paper 19258, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge

Bin O, Landry CE (2013) Changes in implicit flood risk premiums: empirical evidence from the housing market. J Environ Econ Manag 65(3):361–376

Chan EY, Yue J, Lee P, Wang SS. Socio-demographic Predictors for Urban Community Disaster Health Risk Perception and Household Based Preparedness in a Chinese Urban City. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2016 Jun 27.

Christian Aid (2014). ‘Working toward health convergence: a case study’. London: Christian Aid. CPCS (Centre for Peace & Conflict Studies) (2014) Listening to communities of Kayin state. Siem Reap: CPCS.

Corbyn Z (2010) Mexican ’climate migrants’ predicted to flood US. Nature News, Published online 26 July 2010.

Coulombel, N., 2010. Residential choice and household behaviour: state of the art. Sustaincity working paper 2.2a, Cachan.

Gaube V. and Remesch A., (2013). Impact of urban planning on household’s residential decisions: An agent-based simulation model for Vienna. Journal Environmental Modelling & Software. Vol. 45; 92-103

GOK: Phyical Planninga Act 1996. Public Health Act

GunjalK. (2016). Agricultural Risk Management Tools. Resource for the e-learning curriculum course on “Agricultural Risk Assessment and Management for Food Security in Developing Countries1”Platform for Agricultural Risk Management.

Hunte, M. (2010), "An international perspective on traffic policing from an Antiguan perspective", paper presented at the 7th International Police Executive Symposium, Evanston, IL.

Karanja, Muchiri (3 September 2010). "Myth shattered: Kibera numbers fail to add up". Daily Nation. Retrieved 4 September 2010.

Khayesi, M. (2007). The Struggle for Regulatory and Economic Sphere of Influence in the Matatu Means of Transport in Kenya: A Stakeholder Analysis Kenyatta University, Nairobi Kenya.

Kimathi Mutegi (2013). Kibera: How slum lords cash in on misery, The Nation, Kenya (19 September 2013). Archived copy on the Wayback Machine from 12 October 2013.

King, D., Harwood, S., Cottrell, A., Gurtner, Y., and Firdaus A. (2013). Land Use Planning For Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation: Operationalizing Policy and Legislation at Local Levels.Centre for Disaster Studies, James Cook University, Australia

Putman, S.H., 2010. DRAM residential location and land use model: 40 years of development and application. In: Pagliara, F., Preston, J., Simmonds, D. (Eds.), Residential Location Choice. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 61-76.

Saunders W.S.A. and Becker J.S. (2015).A discussion of resilience and sustainability: Land use planning recovery from the Canterbury earth quake sequence, New Zealand. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction Vol. 14. 73–81
How to Cite
Ong’anya, D., China, S., & Wakhungu, J. (2019, September 17). Influence of Land Use Regulatory Instruments on Household Disaster Risk Management in Eldoret Urban Area. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 5(2), 12-33. Retrieved from