Effect of Postharvest handling on Quality Attributes of Passion Fruits (Passiflora edulis Sims var.)

  • Cyrus K. Lagat Seed, Crop and Horticultural Science Department, University of Eldoret
  • E. N Omami Seed, Crop and Horticultural Science Department, University of Eldoret
  • T. M Mutui Seed, Crop and Horticultural Science Department, University of Eldoret
  • N. K. Rop Seed, Crop and Horticultural Science Department, University of Eldoret
Keywords: Postharvest handling, Underutilization, Quality attributes


In Kenya, Passion fruit is becoming part of solution in staving- off hunger and malnourishment. Most of the underutilized fruits passion fruits included are often among those which have the greatest potential in terms of nutrition and income generation for small holders. Passion fruit is underutilized because of the significant amounts that go into waste during peak production. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of postharvest handling on quality of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis sims var) in Uasin -gishu county. Four hundred and eighty (480) passion fruits were harvested from farmer’s fields in Soy and Kapseret sub-counties in Uasin Gishu County and postharvest treatments applied, this included harvesting at two color maturity stages (at 75% and 25% colouring), detachment of the fruit with a 5 cm stalk attached and others with no stalk attached, storage of fruit under ambient conditions and others in polythene sheets. Treated fruits were then taken to Chemelil Sugar Company Laboratory where they were stored and analyzed periodically for 28 days. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replicates.  Passion fruits were analyzed for Weight change during storage, Total Titratable Acidity (TTA), Total Soluble Solids (TSS) and Pulp weight. The data collected was subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) using GenStat version 14th edition. The color at which passion fruit was harvested greatly affected its titratable acidity, pulp weight and its brix. In addition the mode of storage significantly impacted the fruit total titratable acidity, pulp weight and whole fruit weight. On the other hand the point at which the fruit was detached from the mother plant did not significantly affect the measured quality attributes other than total titratable acidity. Storage interval significantly affected the measured quality attributes of passion fruit The key aspects that the farmers in Uasin Gishu County should observe when harvesting the produce include; harvest the produce at 75% color maturity stage as well as employ the use of recommended modified atmosphere packaging material as this will greatly impact the fruits chemical and organoleptic quality attributes thus influencing its shelf life.


Acland, J. (1971). East African crops- introduction to production of field and plantationcrops in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. London: Longhorn.

Ahmad, M. and Siddiqui, M. (2015). Postharvest Quality Assuarance, Practical Approaches for Developing Countries. Springer.

Aked, J. (2002). Maintaining the Post-harvest quality of fruits and vegetables. Cranfield University at Silsoe : Woodland Publishing Ltd.

Amata, R., Otipa, M., Waiganjo, M., Wabule, M., Thuranira, E. and Erbaugh, M. (2009). Incidence, Prevalence and Severity of Passion. Journal of Applied Biosciences (20), 1146 – 1152.

Arjona, H.E. and F.B. Matta. 1991. Postharvest quality of passion fruit as influenced by harvest time and ethylene treatment. HortScience 26:1297–1298.

Chen, C. C., & Robert, P. E. (2014). Passion Fruit: Postharvest Quality-Maintenance Guidelines. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources .

Dadzie, B. K. and Orchard, J. E. (1997). Routine Post-Harvest Screening of Banana/Plantain Hybrids: Criteria and Methods. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome.

F.A.O. (2004), “Food Loss Prevention in Perishable Crops”, Corporate Document Repository, pp. 220-231.

Food Agricultural Organization. (2004). Food Agricultural Organization Fruit Production Validated Annual Report. 12-37.

Fernandes, A., Dos Santos, G. and Da Silva, D. (2011). Chemical and physicochemical characteristics changes during passion fruit juice processing. 31 (3), 747-751.

Fernandes, A. G., Santos, G. M., Silva, D. S., Sousa, P. H., Maia, G. A., & Figueiredo, R. W. (2009). Chemical and physicochemical characteristics changes during passion fruit juice processing. Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 745.

Fonseca et al. (2000). Modelling respiration rate of fresh fruits and vegetables for modified atmosphere packages: a review. Florida.

Gaturuku, J. and Isutsa, D. (2011). Irrigation and Mulch Significantly Enhance Yield but not Quality of Purple Passion Fruits. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 6(11):47-53. Ipswich: Asian Research Publishing Network.

Han, Y., Dang, R., Li, J., Jiang, J., Zhang, N., Jia, M., et al. (2015). Sucrose nonfermenting 1-related protein kinases 2.6, an Ortholog of Open Stomata, Is a Negative Regulator of strawberry Fruit Development and Ripening. Plant Physiology .

HCDA. (2012). 2011 Horticultural Crops Production Report. Nairobi: HCDA.

Horticultural News. (2012). The East African Fresh Produce Journal News

Holcroft, D. (2015). Water Relations in Harvested Produce. The Postharvest Education Foundation (PEF).

Joy, P. P. (2010). Passion fruit(Passiflora edulis Sims): Passifloraceae. Kerala Agricultural University, Vazhakulam-686670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam, Kerala, India.

Kader, A. (2002). Pre - and Postharvest factors affecting fresh produce quality, nutritional value and implications for human health. International Congress, Food Production and the Quality of life, (pp. 109-119). Sassari.

Kays, S. and Paull, R. (2004). Postharvest biology. Athens GA.: Exon Press.

Kitinoja, L. (2002). Making the link: Extension of postharvest technology. In A. A. Kader, Postharvest technology of horticultural crops (pp. 481-509). University of California.

Mitra, S. K. (2008). Postharvest management of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. Tropical and Subtropical Fruits (No 4).

Morton, J. (1987). Passion fruits: Fruits of warmer climates. Miami-Florida: Julia F Morton.

Norman, F. (1984). Postharvest Physiology and Biochemistry of Fruits and Vegetables. Journal of Chemical Education , 61 (4), 280.

Nunes, M., Morais, A., & Brecht, j. (1995). Quality of Strawberries after Storage in Controlled Atmosphere at above Optimum Storage Temperatures. Florida Agricultural Experiment Station .

Pongener, A., Sagar, V., Pal, R., Asrey, R., Sharma, R. and Singh, S. (2014). Physiological and quality changes during postharvest ripening of purple passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims). Fruits-Journal , 19–30.

Rohani, M., Zaipun, M. Z., and Norhayati, M. (1997). Effect of modified atmosphere on the storage life and quality of Eksotika papaya. J. Trop. Agric. And Fd. Sc. , 25 (1), 103–113.

Sambu, J. (2012, 6 4). Passion for wealth. Retrieved 6 4, 2012, from http://www.hortinews.co.ke/questions

Tingbani, K. (2012). Effect of length of peduncle on the quality of solo papaya fruit during ripening. Horticulture. Kumasi: Kwame Nkrumah

USAID. (2013). Purple Passion Fruit Value Chain Analysis. Kenya Horticulture Competitiveness Project . University of Science and Technology.

Watada, A.E., N.P. Ko and D.A. Minott. 1996. Factors affecting quality of fresh-cut horticultural products. Postharvest Biol. Tech. 9: 115-125.

Wu, C. T. (2010). An Overview of Postharvest Biology and Technology of Fruits and Vegetables. National Taiwan University, Horticulture. Taiwan: ROC.
How to Cite
Lagat, C., Omami, E. N., Mutui, T. M., & Rop, N. K. (2018, December 31). Effect of Postharvest handling on Quality Attributes of Passion Fruits (Passiflora edulis Sims var.). African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 4(4), pp 87-94. Retrieved from http://ajest.info/index.php/ajest/article/view/316