Effect of Peer Counselling on Conflict Resolution among Secondary School Students in Eldoret East District

  • Jeniffer Kiprono Kisii University, Eldoret Campus, Faculty of Education and Human Resource Development, P.O. Box 6434 30100, Eldoret, Kenya
Keywords: Peer Counselling, Conflict Resolution, Effect


Strikes, unrest and student indiscipline in secondary schools have raised concern from leaders, parents, religious leaders and educators in addition to societal problems like drug abuse, HIV and AIDS. There has been advocacy for peer counselling for students to help manage social, psychological and educational problems. Consequently, this study was designed to investigate the effect of peer counselling on conflict resolution among secondary school students in Eldoret East district. The study was propounded on the basis of social learning theory by Bandura; which asserts that if peer counsellors provide good models and counselling to fellow colleagues, then they shall be imitated by peers. The study population of 3745 students in Eldoret East district was used from which a sample size of 265 students was obtained. Questionnaires were used as the main instruments of data collection. The data collected was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Findings showed that peer counselling had significant influence on conflict resolution among the students. The study concludes that better conflict resolution is a result of effective peer counselling. It is therefore recommended that schools should adopt peer counselling to help students deal with their issues that may degenerate into indiscipline or violence which may lead to destruction of property or life hence creating peaceful school environment where the students and teachers feel comfortable to be in and where each individual rights are respected. This paper will help secondary schools through departments of guidance and counselling to consider peer counselling in resolving conflict. It will also help the Ministry of Education to develop a curriculum for peer counsellors to be implemented by all schools with an effort of strengthening peer support to Guidance and Counselling.


Bandura, A. (1997). Self- Efficacy .The Exercise of Control. New York: W. H Freeman.

CRDU, (1993) Counselling and Supporting Children in Distress. London: Sage Publications

Cohen, R. (1995). Students Resolving Conflict. New York: Good Year Books.

Grusic, J. E. & Abramovitch, R. (1982). Imitation of Peers and Adults in Natural setting: A functional analysis. Child Development, 53, 636-642.

Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T. & Dudley, B. (Fall 1992). Effects of Peer Mediation Training on Elementary School Students. Mediation Quarterly 10, 89.

Kaplan, N. (1996). Student Mediation: Opportunity and Challenge, School Safety. Nation Center for School Safety.Winter, 1996 from http://www. Mediate .com/articles /kaplan.cfm.

Kenya Institute of Education. (2004), Educational development in Kenya and the role of information and communication technology. Georgia State University, USA.

Lam, J. A. (1988). The Impact of Conflict Resolution Programs on Schools: A Review and Synthesis of the Evidence. Amherst, MA: National Association for Mediation in Education, ED 358535.

Nasibi, W.M (2003). Discipline: Guidance and counseling in schools. Nairobi: Strongwall Africa.

Opondo. O. (2008).Tough New Rules to Curb School Strikes. Retrieved on 23, July .2008 from http://allafrica.com/stories/200807230048.html

Ortiz, A. (1999). Student Mediators Step in Where Trouble Brews. American news Service. Retrieved on November 2000, from http://www.mediate .com/articles /eiseleJz /cfm.

Van Slyck, M., & Stern, M. (1991). Conflict Resolution in Education Settings. In G, Duffy J,Grosch & P.Olczak (Eds) Community Mediation: Handbook for Practitioners and Researchers. (Pp257-274)New York, NY: The Guilford press.
How to Cite
Kiprono, J. (2018, September 28). Effect of Peer Counselling on Conflict Resolution among Secondary School Students in Eldoret East District. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 2(2), pp 233-239. Retrieved from http://ajest.info/index.php/ajest/article/view/300