Land Use and Land Cover Types in Eldoret Municipality, Uasin Gishu County, Kenya, in the Years 1973, 1985 and 1993
Land is an important natural resource but it is often misused by man through imposition of many activities on it without considering its sustenance and future utility. These activities also influence the changes in both land use and land cover types of a place. This paper aims at exploring the land use and Land cover types in Eldoret Municipality. Eldoret municipality is chosen for this study since Eldoret town provides an ideal situation of an inland urban area that has undergone drastic changes in the recent past. Availability of aerial photographs was also taken into account in choosing the study area. The aerial photographs were therefore used as the main source of data. The proximity of Eldoret Municipality to Moi University, where the facilities for data analysis are easily available, also played a role in the choice of the study area. Data was also obtained from documented literature such as the government reports related to urban development and Municipal annual reports on Eldoret town. The Kenya government development plans and other reports on urban growth and urban environmental management were also used. From the results of the study, land use changes can be attributed to policies and development plans which have no emphasis on environmental concerns.
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