Socio- Economic Factors and Students Retention and Completion rates in Public Secondary Schools in Kilifi County, Kenya

  • Susan Murage Department of Educational Administration, Economics & Planning, School of Education, Pwani University, P.O Box 195, Kilifi
  • Joseph Kisaka Department of Educational Foundations School of Education, Pwani University P.O. Box 195, Kilifi
Keywords: Educational Background, Occupation, Gender, Family Size, Households, Retention Rates


Retention and completion rates of students in schools remain one of the challenges that the government of Kenya has faced. The purpose of this paper is to examine social economic factors such as family income levels, parents’ education levels, parents’ occupation, family size and students’ retention rates in Kilifi County. The study used descriptive research design. The sample of the study consisted of 250 respondents consisting of 200 parents and 50 head teachers. The objectives of the study were; finding out the relationship between educational background, occupation, gender, and family size of households and student retention rates. The study design was a descriptive survey design. The data was elicited by means of questionnaires, and interviews. Purposeful sampling was used in the selection of parents and head teachers. The main findings of the study were that majority of students who dropped out of school were mainly from families where parents had not attained formal education. Parents’ educational and economic backgrounds were found to have a significant effect on their children’s education.


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How to Cite
Murage, S., & Kisaka, J. (2018, September 28). Socio- Economic Factors and Students Retention and Completion rates in Public Secondary Schools in Kilifi County, Kenya. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 2(2), pp 95-102. Retrieved from