How Student Characteristics Influence the Performance in Biology Subject in Secondary Schools in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya

  • Joy Wabuke Department of Science Education, School of Education, University of Eldoret
Keywords: Student Characteristics, Performance, Biology Subject, Secondary Schools, Eldoret

Abstract

Performance in Biology has continued to be poor yet it is an important subject for the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and vision 2030. Poor performance would not be able to keep abreast with the opportunities and better off, face the challenges of the MDGs on science and technology and vision 2030 which are part of the competitive growing globe. This paper focuses on student characteristics that influence performance of students in Biology subject in secondary schools in Eldoret municipality. The study was conducted through an ex post facto design. A total of ten secondary schools out of 30 were selected to make up the sample. Target respondents were form three students within Eldoret municipality. The study sample made up of 200 respondents was obtained using stratified sampling, due to differences in characteristics, such as single sex schools versus mixed schools and differences in school category. Simple random sampling was used to pick the streams and specific students who participated in the study. Purposive sampling was used to obtain Biology students. The data was collected using questionnaire and interview schedule, before it was coded and analysed using statistical package for social science (SPSS). The results were presented using inferential and descriptive statistics and analysed using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. It was established that student characteristics affecting performance of Biology subject in Eldoret municipality are: students‟ interest in Biology (theory and practical), ambition, attitude and ability to do practical. The study is in order with the education policy in Kenya, which emphasizes continuous development of science education. The study sought to fulfil this policy by finding areas that need improvement in performance of Biology.

 

References

Aikenhead, G.S. (1997). Toward a First Nations Cross-Cultural Science and T echnology: Curriculum Science Education, 81, 217 – 238.

Aikenhead, G.S & Jegede, O.J. (1997 ). A Cognitive Explanation of a Cultural Phenomenon: Cross Cultural Science Education, 36, 269 – 287.

Bakke, D.W. (2005). Joy at work: A revolutionary approach to fun on job. Seattle: WA:PVG.

Christie, T . & Afzaal, M. (2005).Rote memorization as a scientific explanation of secondary school examination achievement in Pakistan: an empirical investigationof a widespread assumption, paper presented at IAEA Int ernational conference –Assessment and the future of schooling and learning, Abuja, Nigeria, September, 4 -9.

Driver, R. & Bell, B. (1986). Students‘ thinking and learning of Science: a Constructivist View: School Science Review, 67(240), 443 – 456.

Eshiwani, G. S. (1982). Mathematics and Science Education in Kenya: Issues and Problems; 3045. Nairobi: T he Kenya Bureau of Educational Research.

Fensham, P. (Ed). (1988). Development and Dilemmas in Science Education , 2, 1 – 41.

Jegede, O. J. (1995). Collateral learning and the eco-cultural paradigm in science and Mathematics education in Africa: Studies in Science Education, 25, 97 – 137.

KNEC. (2007). The Year 2006 KCSE Examination Report. Nairobi: Kenya National Examinations Council.

Munn, M.L, Fernald, L.D. & Fernald, P.S. (1972). Introduction to psychology, (3rded.). New Delhi: Oxford and IBH publishing company limited.

Njuguna, S. (1998).The relationship between attitudes and academic achievement in Science subjects of form four students in

Kigumo Division, Kenya. Unpublished M.phil.T hesis.Eldoret: Moi University, Kenya.

Norwich, B & Jaeger, M. (1989) .T he predictive relationship between beliefs, attitudes, intentions and secondary school mathematics learning: A theory of Reasoned Action Approach: The British Journal of Educational Psychology, 59 (3) 313 – 315.

Owiti, D.S.O. (2001). Gender Difference in attitude towards Mathematics: A case study of secondary school students in Eldoret Municipality Uasin – Gishu District, Kenya. Unpublished- M.phil.T hesis. Eldoret:Moi University, Kenya.

Shumba, O. (1993). Attitude towards science: An exploratory survey of pupils preparing for National Examinations: Zimbabwe Journal of education research5 (1), 63-89, 1013 – 3445.

SMASSE project. (2004). Project paper presented on Baseline studies at the INSET SMASSE cycle 1,Uasin -Gishu district. Eldoret, August 2004.Unpublished
Published
2018-08-27
How to Cite
Wabuke, J. (2018, August 27). How Student Characteristics Influence the Performance in Biology Subject in Secondary Schools in Eldoret Municipality, Kenya. African Journal of Education,Science and Technology, 1(2), pp 112-117. Retrieved from http://ajest.info/index.php/ajest/article/view/168
Section
Articles